daende

Activities

The activities of the projects are carried out in collaboration between the project partners.

Preparatory activities
Negotiation with landowners on land distribution in area 1 (Margrethe-Kog Nord).
• Biological and technical studies. Mapping of biological values, threats and description of solutions for specific conservation works and multifunctionality.
• Detailed technical studies and preparation of technical documents regarding the specific restoration measures, multifunctional use and visiting facilities.
• Approval procedures and selection of service providers.
• Preparation of a management plan for the areas.
Plan predation control, including the involvement of hunters to reduce the population of the predators that are a threat to terrestrial birds.
Involve experts in relation to the restoration and extensification of cultivated fields, birds' food base, predator control as well as recreational and multifunctional possibilities.

Land distribution, land acquisitions and securing rights
• Implementation of a land distribution in project area 1 in collaboration with the landowners and the Danish Nature Fund.
• Possibly. securing rights by payment of compensation for changed land use, registration of nature conservation easement, etc.

Concrete restoration measures
• Improvements to bird habitats. Various landscape adaptations are carried out, including so-called wading scrapes (clearing of topsoil), small lakes, bird islands and relatively dry elevated areas. Introduce temporary tillage of the soil, tillage and planting (grafting) of native vegetation.
• Improved hydrology (area 1). Cessation of drainage pumping, retention of precipitation, blocking drainage drains, reprofiling of ditches / silt pits to "blue" transition zones, as well as minor remedial measures for technical facilities.
• Grazing facilities and strategic mowing of vegetation. Cattle fencing, shelter, electricity and drinking facilities and followed by grazing.
• Predation control is performed in different ways, eg artificial graves, traps, clearing of any trees.
Area 1 is also designed for a multifunctional use, so that with the establishment of inlet facilities it can be used as a flood area during rare storm surge incidents in the nearby stream Vidå.

Monitoring, dissemination, etc.
• Basic and effect studies of the occurrence of bird species, birds will be performed
habitats, nutrient and carbon turnover, water levels and by predation control.
• Socio-economic effects will be demonstrated using indicators such as increased employment, local food production, recreation, the importance of land distribution, the importance of multifunctionality.
• The project's impact on ecosystem services will be demonstrated using indicators such as nutrient turnover, climate, water regulation, land use, recreation, education, genetic resources and control of invasive species.

Expected results
The project's management activities are expected to result in the following:
• Permanent extensification of 248 ha of agricultural land;
174 ha of land restored with open water surfaces, swamps or wet meadows and with good water quality based on precipitation.
• Landscape modeling to create adequate bird habitats: 10 km of flat ditches and transition zones between wet and dry terrain and 10 small lakes, 10 wading crabs and 5 predator-free islands;
• 74 ha wet to dry meadows;
• 248 ha with breeding, feeding and resting places for protected birds * (note or fact box.)
• Reduction of nutrients, grafting with native vegetation and grazing of up to 248 ha (depending on humidity).
Intensive predator control by removing trees and establishing 4 artificial fox trenches, 2 traps and tracking with an infrared drone.
• Project area 1 (Margrethe-Kog Nord) restored to support the achievement of favorable conservation status for 11 targeted bird species *
• Project area 1 will be established for storage of rainwater during rare (> 100 years) winter storm water level events in the nearby Vidå watercourse for the benefit of the dikes' safety. In addition, wetlands store carbon and reduce nitrogen leaching (11 h N / year);
• In Project Area 2 (Rikkelsbøl Kog) improved conservation status for 7 targeted bird species *, as actions also benefit other species in Annexes I and II to the Birds Directive;
• The biological and socio-economic impact of projects and the impact on ecosystem services are monitored for both project areas;
• Specific activities help replicate and transfer the project method to other locations. The project will increase public awareness of the Natura 2000 network. A management plan for each site supports the sustainability of project activities according to LIFE.

The Birds Directive (Council Directive 79/409 of 2 April 1979 on the conservation of wild birds, as amended) obliges EU Member States to preserve selected bird species that are characteristic, rare or endangered in the EU. List of bird species the project is aimed at appears here